NRF Survey: Value-added tax would force spending cutbacks
Washington, D.C. A survey released Thursday by the National Retail Federation found that most Americans feel a value-added tax (VAT) would reduce their spending.
According to the NRF/BIGresearch survey, 64% said a federal VAT of any amount would impact their spending on everything from cars to homes, groceries and medicines.
If the government imposed a VAT of 15% and applied it to all purchases, 92% said their spending would be affected.
Some policymakers are proposing a new consumption tax as a way to reduce the federal deficit.
“These numbers are clear evidence of what common sense would tell even the most casual observer: if you tax spending at a time when the economy is still struggling to recover, consumers are going to spend less,” NRF president and CEO Matthew Shay said. “With consumer spending representing two-thirds of the economy, a consumption tax — by VAT or any other name — is not the path to recovery or a prudent way to address the federal deficit. The deficit needs to be reduced, but a VAT is not the answer.”
According to the survey, areas where consumers would cut back the most if a “federal sales tax” or VAT were created would include eating out (83%), clothing or accessories (80%), food/groceries (74%), entertainment (72%) and vacation travel (72%).
Additionally, half said a VAT would influence their spending on a home while two-thirds said it would impact automobile purchases.
Fifty-nine percent of consumers said they would even cut back on prescription and over-the-counter medicine.
Instead of creating a new tax, 82% of those surveyed believe that Congress should reduce the federal deficit by spending less. Only 10% of respondents favored creation of a VAT or other form of federal sales tax to reduce the deficit, and just 8% favored an income tax increase.
Anumber of prominent members of Congress and policymakers have said in recent months that a VAT should at least be considered as a way to reduce the federal deficit, which is currently at its highest share of GDP since World War II. President Obama told his deficit reduction commission in April that nothing — including a VAT — should be considered off the table.
Effective Pricing and Markdown Strategies
From increased selling channels to consumer caution, to eroding customer loyalty, today’s retail environment is extremely challenging. Discounting slow-turning products to allow for sales of high-margin items as a way to improve margin performance is common practice. But many retailers still struggle with how and when to mark down an item.
“The challenge of meeting margin goals while offering prices appealing to consumers has made time-phased markdown decisions a critical component of the product lifecycle strategy,” said Jane Fazzalari, VP retail industry strategy, JDA Software Group, a leading provider of innovative supply chain management, merchandising and pricing excellence solutions, Scottsdale, Ariz. “It can cost a company dearly if done incorrectly. Therefore, more than ever, retailers need an optimal pricing strategy to achieve their business objectives.”
To help retailers better understand when and how to mark down a product and maximize sales, JDA Software Group offers the following merchandising and pricing recommendations:
Deliver localized assortments. Seasonality, uneven selling cycles and fluctuations in consumer demand can all have a negative impact on sales, causing inventory stagnation or missed revenue. Markdowns are therefore inevitable. However, a truly consumer-driven retail business can minimize markdowns by recognizing its products’ attributes and the shopping habits of its customers — demographics, geographical conditions, calendar holidays, etc., so that the right product is delivered to the right store and sold at the right price.
A localized assortment strategy that is tied to a retailer’s demand plans is one of the most effective ways to improve profit margins without slashing prices. It requires that retailers understand transaction-level data and make accurate forecasting and merchandising decisions that match specific consumer demand. When possible, retailers that implement a localized assortment strategy should also match their pricing and promotions to assortment lists at the store or store-group level.
Have a comprehensive view of demand. When assortments and product promotions fail to move inventory, markdown clearance becomes the last resort. Aged inventory in the store must be liquidated to make room for new inventory. In addition, today’s economic uncertainty has turned many consumers into discount shoppers. Therefore, markdowns can drive traffic into the store and ultimately help products sell faster.
But how do retailers determine the optimal markdown price and still manage to meet margin goals? They must assess the true margin impact of each product, tailor markdown plans by store/location, factor in the price sensitivity of their customer base and understand the opportunity costs. For example, a 40% markdown on new summer apparel at mid-season might increase sales and prevent the potential losses, as compared with offering a 70% markdown on summer apparel at the end of the season when shoppers have already set their sights on fall collections. Advanced technology that enables retailers to use a set of business rules that control minimum/maximum price reductions, the number of reductions and the price formats for each product will help close the gap on lost sales.
Link pricing strategies to space and labor management. Typically, the three greatest expenses for retailers are inventory, labor and real estate. Even if localized assortments and optimized pricing help move inventory, mismanagement of the store space and labor can still hurt net profitability. This has led some retailers to shift to smaller stores, leaner assortments and faster logistics. Hence, product replenishment has moved from two to three times a week to enhance shelf productivity.
Additionally, markdowns and product promotions may create extra activity in the store. A store staffed with the right number of associates to meet store-specific traffic demands can help retailers save on labor costs and capture revenue opportunities.
PacSun in exclusive license agreement with MODERN AMUSEMENT
ANAHEIM, Calif. Pacific Sunwear of California has announced that it has entered into an exclusive agreement to license the MODERN AMUSEMENT brand from Dirty Bird Productions.
MODERN AMUSEMENT was acquired in 2004 by Mossimo Giannulli, the founder and creative force behind the MOSSIMO brand which he established in 1987 and later licensed to Target Corp. The MODERN AMUSEMENT brand has been sold in the United States through premier retailers such as Nordstrom, Barney’s, Fred Segal and Bloomingdales, and internationally through accounts such as Selfridges and Harvey Nichols in the U.K. and Beams in Japan.
“I am so pleased to be working again with Pacific Sunwear which in many ways is like coming home,” said Giannulli. “PacSun was my first large account when I was building MOSSIMO, and to be able to take the model that I have had so much success with and build on that platform with Gary and his team is really exciting.”
The agreement with DBP will extend through Dec. 31, 2013, and PacSun will have an option to extend the agreement for an additional seven years. The license covers apparel, footwear and accessories. The parties will work together on additional licensing opportunities and the development of other domestic and/or international distribution. Each party will have mutual approval rights with respect to such transactions, and PacSun will have the right to share in any amounts generated from licenses entered into by DBP.