In the Spotlight: Lighting Trends
Lighting plays a critical role in retail, and is rapidly evolving to meet changing regulations and customer needs. Dr. Laura Prestwood Thompson, director of the TCU Center for Lighting Education, Texas Christian University, discussed how stores and restaurants in 2025 will light their interiors and looked at the technologies and trends that will impact retail lighting during the SPECS workshop session, “Lighting 2025.”
“The quality of light is key,” Thompson said. “You create an aesthetic for your brand that impacts the customer experience.”
Looking ahead to 2025, Thompson said lighting codes will be commonplace and largely dictate what type of lighting can be used in stores. Also, as cost of energy constitutes 70% of total cost of ownership for lighting, energy-related matters and codes will become the most important factors in selecting lighting.
“You must put money into controls,” Thompson advised.
In addition, Thompson said by 2025 most retail lighting will be LED, or light-emitting diode, which is more complicated than traditional lighting.
“LED is not just a light bulb — it has a brain,” Thompson explained. “The majority of interior retail lighting in 2025 will be LED. This includes retrofitting and new construction.”
Thompson said there are several advantages to using LED lighting. Although LED lighting is still expensive up front, in the long term, it may still represent a more cost-effective investment than cheaper traditional lighting. In addition to various rebate programs, Thompson also cited the resiliency and power of LED lighting.
“You get a lot of lumens from a few watts,” she explained. “You get 13 to 15 lumens from 60 to 70 watts. This translates to high ROI from high efficacy. LED lights last 50,000-plus hours, so maintenance in changing them is lower. There is no mercury, lead or glass. They are durable and dimmable.”
Furthermore, Thompson said LED will become a mainstream lighting technology over time, as its costs come down.
“LED will be affordable for the masses in 10 to 15 years,” Thompson predicted. Part of the expansion in retail LED lighting Thompson sees in the next 10 years or so is a vast increase in its use for exterior as well as interior lighting.
“By 2025, virtually all exterior lighting will be LED,” Thompson stated. “Right now, we have serious light pollution. Light is wasted shining up or on ‘light trespass,’ which is the uncontrolled glare or light from another property intruding on a property. If the property is another retailer they probably won’t care, but if it is residential or mixed use, they will probably mind.”
Thompson also stressed the importance of natural lighting to create a rich customer experience.
“I cannot overemphasize the importance of natural daylight,” she said. “Where you can, don’t ignore it. Wal-Mart tracked sales of merchandise in proximity to daylight, and sales increased — even when they switched the merchandise around. It can come through a skylight, window or door. If you’re in a mall situation where you can’t get daylight directly in the store, a skylight in the atrium can allow you to harvest some daylight.”
In the Spotlight: Disaster Readiness
The increased severity and frequency of storms and other catastrophic events has put a white-hot spotlight on disaster planning. No retailer can afford to be unprepared. Three disaster readiness experts shared insights on how retailers can best avoid catastrophe before it happens during the SPECS workshop session, “Disaster Zone — Before the Storm.”
Moderator Gregg Beatty, president of embc, kicked things off by reviewing the “three Rs” of dealing with a disaster — readiness, response and recovery.
“The hardest is recovery and the easiest is response,” Beatty said. “Response time is limited because the length of time the problem occurs is finite. Recovery can go on for decades, like Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans or Hurricane Sandy in New York. However, retailers must think about readiness.”
According to Beatty, readiness encompasses the who, what, when, where, why and how of preparing for an emergency. This includes who is responsible, what you are planning for and when the problem will happen.
“For natural disasters, you can often get some perspective for your routine,” said Beatty. “You know that hurricane season lasts from June to November. But an active shooter can’t be predicted.”
In addition, Beatty said “where” includes the location of the disaster, “why” includes the reason for readiness — such as meeting federal regulations or insurance requirements — and “how” includes readiness drills and exercises as well as cooperating with local first responders, preferably through advance planning.
“Things that can never happen, do happen,” Beatty advised the audience, relating the story of a client that suffered severe flood damage from a river that had not flooded over in modern times.
Panelist Justen Noakes, director of emergency preparedness at H-E-B Grocery, said hurricane preparedness is a big part of his com-pany’s disaster readiness initiative because many of its stores are located on the Texas coastline where hurricanes are common.
Noakes said each company must establish its own priorities, as well as its No. 1 priority, for disaster readiness. For H-E-B , Noakes said top priorities are retail stores, manufacturing plants, transportation, IT, community and employees.
“There can only be one No. 1 priority,” stated Noakes. “At H-E-B, the employee is No. 1. Above and beyond, the employees are taken care of.”
Panelist Dan Ryan, senior director of corporate security at General Growth Properties (GGP), touched upon the need to review and prepare for emergencies.
“In order of importance, we review and prepare to protect life and safety, property, reputation and business resumption,” Ryan said. “We have reference materials from recognized agencies and resources, and case studies based on real-world events.”
Ryan said GGP uses these assets to create a disaster-response template that is confirmed and combined with the expertise of local police and fire personnel, so the template is made site-specific. First responders are given site maps that include markings for noteworthy features, such as standpipes and hazardous materials. This eliminates the need to spend time reviewing site details when emergency personnel first arrive on site during a disaster.
GGP also uses these locally optimized templates and site maps for its own internal preparations.
“For example, we check roof drains before a rainstorm,” Ryan noted. “A hurricane can create heavy rain across the country.”
In the Spotlight: HVAC and Refrigeration
Heating, ventilation and air-conditioning technology is in the midst of a dramatic evolution brought on by a variety of factors, including regulations, retailers’ needs for technological sophistication, operational and cost efficiency, and ease of implementation and use. These and other topics were discussed in the SPECS session, “Evolution, Revolution: The Future of HVAC and Refrigeration.”
Session moderator Bob Keingstein, president of Boss Facility Services, asked panelists to discuss several pointed questions focused on different key areas of the evolution of HVAC.
When asked to name the single most important piece of technology they are working on, panelist Steve Maddox, VP engineering of York International/Johnson Controls, replied, “Smart controls.”
Kevin Bolton, VP engineering and technology for Trane, cited a “product concierge” his company is developing. “We’re delivering a solution for the building that even a second-shift retail manager, who might be a 17-year-old kid, can really use and deliver.”
Keingstein also asked panelists about what factors they think are driving HVAC evolution. Richard Lord, engineering fellow at Carrier Corp., mentioned the age-old concern about cost.
“We got hit with efficiency-improvement mandates in 2010,” Lord said. “Now there is a 30% improvement in efficiency typically delivered without a 30% increase in cost. We need to re-engineer the product without the material cost going up.”
Increases in energy regulation are also driving change.
“In the last 18 months, the Department of Energy has set specific regulations for heating and cooling requiring certification,” Bolton said. “Also for many of us there has been local regulatory activity, which makes it hard to copy and duplicate buildings. It’s a game changer.”
Maddox said that the development of one uniform refrigeration standard would provide the benefit of alleviating a rampant pattern of theft of copper from HVAC units.
Currently, Maddox said companies use 24-hour equipment-monitoring tools or even simply lock HVAC units in a cage, but an advanced standard that minimized the need for copper parts in refrigeration units would better serve the industry.
When asked to provide final recommendations, Maddox said that HVAC technology providers and users need to ensure a proper startup to commissioning.
“Self-configuration to controls is a plus,” he said. “Proper maintenance maximizes the lifespan of the HVAC unit.”
Lord agreed that HVAC users need to look at the actual HVAC application and consider the whole system when commissioning and employing it.
Shailesh Manohar, VP advanced technologies, Lennox Industries, said HVAC users should consider the entire picture when evaluating the CO2 impact of a particular system.
“Global warming potential includes its efficiency,” Manohar said. “Look holistically over the life of the product — are you better off?”