Survey: Restaurant operators challenged by labor issues, jittery consumers

BY Marianne Wilson

A new consumer survey has some unsettling findings for the nation’s restaurant operators.

Fifty-nine percent of consumers are in favor of raising the minimum wage to $15 an hour, which is more than double the current federal minimum of $7.25 per hour and which would undoubtedly cause restaurant operators to rethink business models whose profit margins are already razor-thin, according to a study by global consulting firm AlixPartners. Moreover, 68% of millennials are in favor of such a wage hike, indicating that the “Fight for 15” (and perhaps more) issue is unlikely to go away anytime soon.

Meanwhile, results from the survey reveal several signs that financial concerns seem today to be taking precedence when it comes to decisions both about dining-out to begin with and how much to spend when they do. For instance, among those who expect to dine-out less often in the year ahead, consumers were given the option of pick as many reasons as applicable among 15 in total. Those choosing a financial concern—as opposed to such things as restaurant service or predictable food—was up eight percentage points net versus responses to the same question in an AlixPartners survey fielded a year ago. In this year’s survey 49% said they plan to reallocate savings toward purchases other than restaurant meals, 30% said restaurant meals are too expensive, 30% said their current finances mean they need to cut back on spending, and 15% said they’re concerned about their future financial situation.

In addition, the survey finds that millennials may be impacted more than older generational cohorts by economic worries, as the percentage who plan to spend $10 to $30 per meal is down in this year’s survey (to 55%, from 57% in last year’s) while the percentage that plan to spend $10 or less per meal is up (to 42%, from 40%). The survey also finds 38% of consumers plan to use discounts, such as coupons and promotions, to reduce their restaurant spending in the year ahead, down from 46% in the survey of a year ago—a sign that discounts are perhaps losing their allure.

Also, and in perhaps another sign of caution, the survey also finds that among those planning to reallocate their restaurant spending on other things, 35% said they’d reallocate toward retirement (of the eight options available), up two percentage points from last year’s survey—while 38% said travel, down three points from the year-ago survey.

“The restaurant consumer today is jittery, and for good reason,” said Adam Werner, global co-head of AlixPartners’ Restaurant, Hospitality and Leisure and a managing director at the firm. “The economy—which, of course, drives so much of restaurant spending to begin with—looks great in the rear-view mirror, but what lies ahead is uncertain, and our survey results reflect that consumers are very aware of that.”

“Whether it’s the minimum wage, staffing and hours, or even automatic gratuities, labor issues in this industry are only going to get thornier and more complex,” added Kurt Schnaubelt, a managing director in AlixPartners’ restaurant, hospitality and leisure practice and one of the authors of the survey. “Operators need to use strategic pricing to put value right on the menu to begin with, and they need to have a toolbox of strategies to deal with all the labor issues coming their way. Given the pennies-on-the-dollar margins in the industry today, there is no alternative.”

The AlixPartners 2019 US Restaurant Outlook Survey polled 1,001 consumers ages 18 and older on February 14-19, 2019, across major regions and demographics in the United States.


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